Currently browsing

Page 4

Damascus – Seidi Hisham Bin Ammar Mosque
دمشق – جامع سيدي هشام بن عمار

Seidi Hisham Bin Ammar Mosque (جامع سيدي هشام بن عمار) was constructed in 1426-1427 under the Mamluk chancellor of Damascus (دمشق) at the time. The most impressive feature of this mosque is the magnificent octagonal minaret which is decorated with fine muqarnas work, arched windows on four sides, and a balcony at the top. While the minaret of this mosque is in remarkably good condition, …

Damascus – al-Qalai Mosque
دمشق – جامع القلعي

al-Qalai Mosque (جامع القلعي), constructed in 1431, has one of the most impressive minarets in the old city of Damascus (دمشق). This Mamluk-era mosque has the last minaret to be built in the city utilizing the square design plan. It features elaborate decoration that includes muqarnas and several stone mosaics with geometric patterns and blue faience. The minaret is topped with a balcony and an …

Damascus – al-Sibaiyeh Mosque
دمشق – جامع السيبائية

al-Sibaiyeh Mosque (جامع السيبائية) is one of several interesting mosques located just southwest of the old city walls of Damascus (دمشق). The mosque was constructed at the very end of the Mamluk period (1509-1515) to commemorate Sibai, then governor of the city. Several decorative elements of this mosque were apparently appropriated by Sibai from other mosques, resulting in the popular local name of “Mosque of …

Damascus – al-Ajami Mosque
دمشق – جامع العجمي

al-Ajami Mosque (جامع العجمي) was constructed in 1348 to commemorate the Persian merchant Afridun al-Ajami. It was intended as both a tomb for its founder and as a religious school. The façade follows the typical Mamluk design of alternating horizontal bands of black and white stone that was common to the period. The entryway and windows include decorative stone mosaic panels and muqarnas. The elaborate …

Damascus – al-Sabuniyeh Mosque
دمشق – جامع الصابونية

al-Sabuniyeh Mosque (جامع الصابونية), located just southwest of the old city walls of Damascus (دمشق), is one of several attractive mosques in the area. It was founded as a funerary endowment in 1459-1464 by a rich merchant named Shihab al-Din Ahmad Ibn al-Sabuni, and has since been used as a mosque and religious school (madrasa). The highly decorated façade includes black and white banding, a …

Damascus – al-Shamiyeh Mosque
دمشق – جامع الشامية

al-Shamiyeh Mosque (جامع الشامية), often referred to as Madrasa al-Shamiyeh (مدرسة الشامية), is an Ayyubid-era mosque and religious school constructed between 1187 and 1191 northwest of the old city of Damascus (دمشق). The tombs of several prominent figures of the Ayyubid period are located here and in the surrounding area, part of the city that was originally developed by the Ayyubids in the late 12th …

Damascus – al-Mariyamiyeh Church
دمشق – كنيسة المريمية

al-Mariyamiyeh Church (كنيسة المريمية), located in the center of the old city, is the seat of the Greek Orthodox patriarchate and one of the most important churches in Damascus (دمشق). There has been a church at this site dating back to the Byzantine period, at least as early as the fourth century and possibly earlier. The present-day structure is considerably more modern, however, dating mostly …

Damascus – Tankiz Mosque
دمشق – جامع تنكز

Tankiz Mosque (جامع تنكز‎), located to the west of the old city of Damascus (دمشق), has a magnificent minaret that is one of the finer examples of Mamluk architecture in Damascus (دمشق). The building was constructed in 1317-1318 by the Mamluk governor of Damascus (دمشق), Tankiz (تنكز), who ruled from 1312-1340. Previously, this site had been the location of the Church of St. Nicholas. The …

Damascus – al-Sheikh Raslan Mosque
دمشق – جامع الشيخ رسلان

The small al-Sheikh Raslan Mosque (جامع الشيخ رسلان), located just outside the old city gate of Bab Touma (باب توما) in Damascus (دمشق), contains the tomb of the 12th century religious leader al-Sheikh Raslan (الشيخ رسلان). The Sufi preacher was born in a village on the Euphrates river valley near the city of al-Raqqa (الرقة). He belonged to a wealthy and respected family, his father …

Damascus – Church of Saint Hananiya
دمشق – كنيسة القديس حنانيا

One of the more interesting churches in Damascus (دمشق) is the small underground chapel known as the Church of Saint Hananiya (كنيسة القديس حنانيا) in the old city neighborhood of Bab Sharqi (باب شرقي). According to local tradition, the church was originally part of the Roman-era home of Hananiya (also known as Ananias). While it is roughly five meters below ground level today, this was …